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|Ex. 20:2 - The Preface to the Ten Commandments|
|News - Sermons|
|Written by Tim Black|
|Sunday, 31 August 2008 02:00|
Note: You may download all study guides in one PDF file here.
7 The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul;
Question: What rules are to be observed for the right understanding of the Ten Commandments?
Answer: For the right understanding of the ten commandments, these rules are to be observed:
1. That the law is perfect, and bindeth everyone to full conformity in the whole man unto the righteousness thereof, and unto entire obedience for ever; so as to require the utmost perfection of every duty, and to forbid the least degree of every sin.1
2. That it is spiritual, and so reacheth the understanding, will, affections, and all other powers of the soul; as well as words, works, and gestures.2
3. That one and the same thing, in divers respects, is required or forbidden in several commandments.3
4. That as, where a duty is commanded, the contrary sin is forbidden;4 and, where a sin is forbidden, the contrary duty is commanded:5 so, where a promise is annexed, the contrary threatening is included;6 and, where a threatening is annexed, the contrary promise is included.7
6. That under one sin or duty, all of the same kind are forbidden or commanded; together with all the causes, means, occasions, and appearances thereof, and provocations thereunto.11
7. That what is forbidden or commanded to ourselves, we are bound, according to our places, to endeavour that it may be avoided or performed by others, according to the duty of their places.12
1Ps. 19:7; James 2:10; Matt. 5:21–22.
2Rom. 7:14; Deut. 6:5; Matt. 22:37–39, 5:21–22, 27–28, 33–34, 37–39, 43–44.
3Col. 3:5; Amos 8:5; Prov. 1:19; 1 Tim. 6:10.
4Isa. 58:13; Deut. 6:13; Matt. 4:9–10; 15:4–6.
5Matt. 5:21–25; Eph. 4:28.
6Exod. 20:12; Prov. 30:17.
7Jer. 18:7–8; Exod. 20:7; Ps. 15:1, 4–5; Ps. 24:4–5.
8Job 13:7–8; Rom. 3:8; Job 36:21; Heb. 11:25.
11Matt. 5:21–22, 27–28; 15:4–6; Heb. 10:24–25; 1 Thess. 5:22; Jude 23; Gal. 5:26; Col. 3:21.
12Exod. 20:10; Lev. 19:17; Gen. 18:19; Josh. 24:15; Deut. 6:6–7.
132 Cor. 1:24.
141 Tim. 5:22; Eph. 5:11.
15Cf. Schultz (1859: 13ff), Schulz (1966: 151-157), Kaufman (1978: 105-158), Braulik (1991), Kaiser (1983: 127-137), Jordan (1984: 199-206), Hill & Walton (1991: 144-149), Millar (1998: 104-108), and Krabbendam (1997: 49, 130-140). None of the others consulted see the case law of Deuteronomy to be structured this way.
16Merrill (1994) considers this thesis throughout but can perceive only a loose dependence upon the order of the Decalogue.