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James 2:14-19 - Faith and Works PDF Print E-mail
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Written by Tim Black   
Wednesday, 17 December 2008 14:19

James: A Handbook on Holiness

 

Faith and Works

James 2:14-19

 

General outline:

  1. The Way to Holiness: The Divine Perspective 1:2-27

    1. The Trial-Temptation Complex 1:2-18

    2. The Word of God 1:19-27

  2. The Principles of Holiness: The Biblical Framework 2:1-26

    1. The Law is the Structure of Holiness 2:1-13

    2. Faith is the Dynamics of Holiness 2:14-26

    3. Faith and Works 2:14-19

      1. The Argument 2:14

      2. The Illustration 2:15-17

      3. The Challenge 2:18-19

    4. Faith and Justification 2:20-26

The Pattern of Eph. 2:8-9

Savior: "God" saves

Mode: "by grace"

Means: "through faith"

Outflow: producing works

 

James 2:14-19

The Argument

14 What good is it, my brothers, if someone says he has faith but does not have works? Can that faith save him?

The Illustration

15 If a brother or sister is poorly clothed and lacking in daily food,

16 and one of you says to them, "Go in peace, be warmed and filled," without giving them the things needed for the body, what good is that?

17 So also faith by itself, if it does not have works, is dead.

The Challenge

18 But someone will say, "You have faith and I have works." Show me your faith apart from your works, and I will show you my faith by my works.

19 You believe that God is one; you do well. Even the demons believe—and shudder!

 

Discussion Questions:

 

  1. V. 14: Saving faith includes knowledge, assent, and trust. Does someone who says they have faith but does not have works have saving faith? _____________________________________

  2. V. 14: God saves us "by grace through faith...not a result of works." (Eph. 2:8-9) Does God require one saved by grace through faith to have works? See Heb. 12:14 __________________

  3. V. 16: How is this illustration like the relationship of faith and works? ___________________

  4. V. 17: Is the "faith" in this verse saving faith? ____ What kind of faith is it? ______________

  5. V. 18: What do you learn about the relationship of faith and works in this verse? ___________

_____________________________________________________________________________

  1. V. 19: What aspects of saving faith do demons have? ________________ What aspects of saving faith do demons not have? _________________________________________________


 
Matt. 1:18-25 - The Birth of the King PDF Print E-mail
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Written by Tim Black   
Sunday, 14 December 2008 16:19
  1. Introduction

    1. Christ's greatness vindicated. In His birth, Jesus Christ was greater than any other baby, for He was the Son of God; and He was greater than any other king, for He was the King of kings. His purpose was greater than the purpose of any other man; he came to "save His people from their sins." Though His exceptional birth should evoke adoration, wicked men would despise Jesus Christ all the more had God not taken special care to vindicate Christ's good name even at His birth.

    2. A scandal avoided. In the Apostles' Creed, we confess that Jesus Christ was "conceived by the Holy Ghost," and "born of the virgin Mary." Between these two events, Christ's conception and birth, lies a problem only a miracle could solve. Were it not for God's redeeming grace, Jesus' birth would be a scandal to Mary, Joseph, and you. But as the angel told Mary, "Nothing will be impossible with God." (Luke 1:37)

    3. Outline. We will consider the passage under four headings:

      1. Conceived by the Holy Ghost v. 18

      2. The Scandal: "Divorce Her Quietly" v. 19

      3. The Solution: You Shall Call His Name Jesus, for He Will Save His People from Their Sins vv. 20-21

      4. Born of the Virgin Mary vv. 22-25

Read more...
 
James 2:8-13 - What Is Wrong with Partiality: Why You Need God's Law, Part 2 PDF Print E-mail
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Written by Tim Black   
Wednesday, 10 December 2008 14:10

James: A Handbook on Holiness

 

What Is Wrong with Partiality – Why You Need God's Law, Part 2

James 2:8-13

 

General outline:

 

  1. The Way to Holiness: The Divine Perspective 1:2-27

    1. The Trial-Temptation Complex 1:2-18

    1. The Word of God 1:19-27

  1. The Principles of Holiness: The Biblical Framework 2:1-26

    1. The Law is the Structure of Holiness 2:1-13

      1. The Focus upon Partiality 2:1-7

      2. The Nature of Partiality 2:8-13

        1. It Opposes Love 2:8

        2. It Opposes the Law 2:9-11

        3. It Opposes the Judgment 2:12-13

    2. Faith is the Dynamics of Holiness 2:14-26

 

James 2:8-13

It Opposes Love

8 If you really fulfill the royal law according to the Scripture, "You shall love your neighbor as yourself," you are doing well.

It Opposes the Law

9 But if you show partiality, you are committing sin and are convicted by the law as transgressors.

10 For whoever keeps the whole law but fails in one point has become accountable for all of it.

11 For he who said, "Do not commit adultery," also said, "Do not murder." If you do not commit adultery but do murder, you have become a transgressor of the law.

It Opposes the Judgment

12 So speak and so act as those who are to be judged under the law of liberty.

13 For judgment is without mercy to one who has shown no mercy. Mercy triumphs over judgment.

 

Discussion Questions:

 

  1. Which Biblical reality would you rather have—Love, the Law, or the Judgment? ____________

  2. Can a sinner have Biblical Love without the Law? ___________________________________

  3. V. 8 might make you think James teaches salvation by works. How does v. 10 (supported by Rom. 3:23) correct that error? ____________________________________________________

  4. In what way does partiality break any of the 10 Commandments? _______________________

  5. In what way do vv. 10-11 teach the 10 Commandments lead us to not show partiality? _______

_____________________________________________________________________________

  1. If you have received God's mercy, you are at "liberty" because the Law no longer condemns you. (See Luke 7:47; Matt. 6:12, 14-15) How then should you "speak" and "act" (v. 12)? ____

_____________________________________________________________________________

  1. Why? (v. 13) _________________________________________________________________

 
Matt. 1:1-17 - The Genealogy of the King PDF Print E-mail
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Written by Tim Black   
Sunday, 07 December 2008 15:15
  1. Introduction

    1. The Purpose of Genealogies Earthly, Biblical, and Messianic

      1. Matthew's gospel begins with the genealogy of Jesus Christ. An earthly king's genealogy can demonstrate his right to the throne. Often we think genealogically when we say "She has her mother's eyes," or when you say "That habit didn't come from my side of the family!" "He's just a chip off the old block. Like father, like son." Our genealogies explain some of how we got to be the way we are. And many Biblical genealogies work that way—in Genesis the genealogies describe the origins of all nations, highlight faithful line of God's covenant people, and provide the foundational structure of the 12 tribes of Israel. For those captives returning from exile the genealogies in 1 Chronicles established their right to an inheritance in the land, and to membership in the covenant community.

    2. The Purpose Jesus Christ's Genealogy

      1. God's Gracious Provision. The genealogy of Jesus Christ bears some of these marks, but it is less concerned with what Jesus received from his ancestors and more with what He will give them. "The Son of Man came not to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many." (Matt. 20:45) Though God visited the iniquity of Jesus' fathers upon Him, how much more does God also show His gracious lovingkindness to a thousand generations of those who love Him through Christ their Savior!

      2. Fourteens: The genealogy is intentionally structured in 3 sets of 14 to focus on Abraham, David, and Christ, who were faithful covenant representatives, after explicit givings of the covenant.

      3. Representatives: As such it is a covenant history of Israel, in terms of good covenant representatives leading up to Christ, the last faithful covenant representative. More than merely demonstrating Christ's right to membership among God's people, this genealogy declares Him to be the great coming Savior in whom all before had hoped. Abraham rejoiced to see His day (John 8:56), and though David's son, David called Him "Lord." (Psalm 110:1; Acts 2:34)

      4. Promises: Christ's lineage demonstrates He is the fulfillment of God's promises to bless His people and all nations through Abraham, and to provide a perfect king through the line of David.

    3. Outline. We will consider the passage under four headings. Jesus is the:

      1. King of All Nations vv. 1, 17

      2. King of the Jews vv. 2-6a

      3. King of the Kings vv. 6b-11

      4. Hope of the Exiles vv. 12-16

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James 2:1-7 - Show No Partiality: Why You Need God's Law PDF Print E-mail
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Written by Tim Black   
Wednesday, 03 December 2008 14:07

James: A Handbook on Holiness

 

Show No Partiality – Why You Need God's Law

James 2:1-7

 

General outline:

 

  1. The Way to Holiness: The Divine Perspective 1:2-27

    1. The Trial-Temptation Complex 1:2-18

    1. The Word of God 1:19-27

  1. The Principles of Holiness: The Biblical Framework 2:1-26

    1. The Law is the Structure of Holiness 2:1-13

      1. The Focus upon Partiality 2:1-7

        1. The Injunction against Partiality 2:1

        2. The Illustration of Partiality 2:2-4

        3. The Argument from Sanctified Sense 2:5-7

      2. The Nature of Partiality 2:8-13

    2. Faith is the Dynamics of Holiness 2:14-26

 

James 2:1-7

The Injunction against Partiality

1 My brothers, show no partiality as you hold the faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory.

The Illustration of Partiality

2 For if a man wearing a gold ring and fine clothing comes into your assembly, and a poor man in shabby clothing also comes in,

3 and if you pay attention to the one who wears the fine clothing and say, "You sit here in a good place," while you say to the poor man, "You stand over there," or, "Sit down at my feet,"

4 have you not then made distinctions among yourselves and become judges with evil thoughts?

The Argument from Sanctified Sense

5 Listen, my beloved brothers, has not God chosen those who are poor in the world to be rich in faith and heirs of the kingdom, which he has promised to those who love him?

6 But you have dishonored the poor man. Are not the rich the ones who oppress you, and the ones who drag you into court?

7 Are they not the ones who blaspheme the honorable name by which you were called?

 

Discussion Questions:

 

  1. V. 1 – James says "show no partiality." What can keep you from showing partiality? ________

_____________________________________________________________________________

  1. V. 1 – James calls Jesus (his brother!) "the Lord of glory." Why does Christ's glorious lordship give the church reason to "show no partiality?" ______________________________________

  2. Vv. 2-4 – For what wrong reasons do we give some people special treatment? ______________

_____________________________________________________________________________

  1. V. 4 – Are all distinctions wrong? _________________________________________________

  2. V. 4 – By what law do "judges with evil thoughts" judge? ______________________________

  3. V. 5 – Why are poor Christians worthy of honor? _____________________________________

  4. Vv. 6-7 – Why are rich unbelievers comparatively unworthy of honor? ____________________

  5. By what principles should you honor a person in "your assembly," the church? _____________

_____________________________________________________________________________

 
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